These small group study Bible study notes of 1 Timothy contain lesson plans, study questions, and verse by verse observations. Feel free to print them, copy them, or share them. I only ask that you remember these are are personal study notes and are only meant as a supplement to your own study, not a replacement. I hope you can find some helpful information inside. Visit our inductive Bible study main page for more studies on this and other books of the Bible.

1 Timothy Overview - Small Group Bible Studies

1 Timothy Overview

Read the book through at least once. Try to read it through in one sitting. If you read it more than once, read it in a different translation each time.

Background information: You may get this information from commentaries.

Author: Paul

Recipient(s): Timothy

·   Paul was his spiritual father. 1 Timothy 1:2 To Timothy, my true child in the faith: Grace, mercy and peace from God the Father and Christ Jesus our Lord.

·   His mother Eunice was a Jew, but his father was a Greek.

Acts 16:1 Paul came also to Derbe and to Lystra. And a disciple was there, named Timothy, the son of a Jewish woman who was a believer, but his father was a Greek, 2 and he was well spoken of by the brethren who were in Lystra and Iconium. 3 Paul wanted this man to go with him; and he took him and circumcised him because of the Jews who were in those parts, for they all knew that his father was a Greek.

2 Timothy 1:5 For I am mindful of the sincere faith within you, which first dwelt in your grandmother Lois and your mother Eunice, and I am sure that it is in you as well.

·   Timothy was very highly regarded by Paul

Philippians 2: 19 But I hope in the Lord Jesus to send Timothy to you shortly, so that I also may be encouraged when I learn of your condition. 20 For I have no one else of kindred spirit who will genuinely be concerned for your welfare. 21 For they all seek after their own interests, not those of Christ Jesus. 22 But you know of his proven worth, that he served with me in the furtherance of the gospel like a child serving his father.

Historical background:

·   One of the three pastoral epistles. Second Timothy and Titus were the other two. The pastoral epistles were sent to two young pastors rather than to congregations as were all his other epistles. They are the therefor very personal and somewhat less highly structured than his other epistles.

Time:Paul was under house arrest in Rome for two years in 61 and 62 AD. Paul then traveled about more or less freely. Paul was later recaptured and imprisoned again around 67 AD. 1 Timothy and Titus were written during the interim time between imprisonments, putting the date for this letter between 63 and 66 AD.


Impressions: The style, problems addressed, interesting facts, arguments used, tone, or other things that get your attention.

Ch 1

2, 18    Paul was very personal and loving in his relationship with Timothy

3          Paul wrote that Timothy should not be sidetracked, but through his teaching and his instruction uphold sound doctrine.

5          Love was the goal and focus of their teaching.

6          Misguided and self centered men are a serious threat within the church

12-17   God deserves to be highly exalted because of the great mercy He has shown toward us

20        Paul was extremely serious about maintaining purity and sound doctrine in the church

Ch 2     

1, 2      Diligence in prayer for all men

3-7       God is not indifferent, but wants people to be saved

8-15     God has given men and women different roles within the church

Ch 3     

1-13     God has set very high qualifications for those who lead His church

15        This is Paul’s purpose statement for his letter v15

            but in case I am delayed, I write so that you will know how one ought to conduct himself in the household of God, which is the church of the living God, the pillar and support of the truth.

Ch 4

1-6       Further warnings concerning false teachers and an exhortation to devotion study and preach sound doctrine

7-16     These issues were of such great importance that Paul repeatedly exhorted Timothy to pursue them diligently (13 times in verses 7-16)

·   Discipline yourself v15

·   Trustworthy statement v9

·   Deserves full acceptance v9

·   Labor and strive v10

·   Fixed our hope on v10

·   Prescribe and teach v11

·   Show yourself an example v12

·   Give attention to v13

·   Do not neglect v14

·   Take pains with v15

·   Be absorbed in v15

·   Pay close attention to v16

·   Persevere in v16

Ch 5

1-16     Principles by which church members should relate to one another

17-22     How the congregation should relate to and treat the elders

Ch 6

1-2       Master/slave relationships

3-10     Instructions on godliness and contentment

11-20   Fleeing, pursuing, fighting, keeping, instructing, and guarding


1.      Proper functioning of the church


       I.  The Right Perspectives

1:1    -  1:5       The Right Focus - Love

1:6    -  1:11     Role of the Law

1:12  -  1:20     Paul’s Sinful Past; God’s Mercy on Him: Exhortations to Timothy

2:1    -  2:8       Instructions on Prayer

    II.  Roles Within the Church

2:9    -  2:15     Women’s Roles

3:1    -  3:7       Qualifications of Elders

3:8    -  3:16     Qualifications of Deacons; Church Conduct; Common Confession

 III. Exhortations for Ministry and Personal Walk

4:1    -  4:5       Confronting the Wickedness of the Last Days

4:6    -  4:10     Pursuing Godliness

4:11  -  4:16     Paul Exhorts Timothy in His Lifestyle and His Ministry

 IV. Interpersonal Relationship Guidelines

5:1    -  5:8       Various Roles Within the Body

5:9    -  5:16     Instructions About Widows

5:17  -  5:25     Treatment of Elders; Advice on Health; Men’s Sins Will be Evident

6:1    -  6:5       Slave/Master Relationship; False Doctrine Advocates

    V.  Godly vs. Worldly Pursuits

6:6    -  6:10     Godly Contentment; The Snare of Riches

6:11  -  6:16     Pursuit of Godly Qualities

6:17  -  6:21     Pursuit of True Riches

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