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1 Timothy 1:12-20 Inductive Bible Study Notes, Cross References, Outline, and Discussion Questions


Verse by Verse Paraphrase and Cross References


12. I thank the Lord Jesus Christ, who has strengthened me, because He counted me as faithful and called me into His service (John 15:16, Eph 2:10).

13. He did this even though I blasphemed against Him and violently persecuted those who followed Him. Yet He showed me mercy because I did not know the things I was doing and was acting in unbelief.

14. His grace was overflowing and filled with faith and love, which are found in Christ Jesus.

15. It is completely true and should be accepted that Jesus Christ came into the world for the purpose of saving sinners, of which I am chief (1 John 1:1-3, Luke 19:10, Luke 4;18-19).

16. Yet for this reason Christ gave me mercy, so that He might use me as an example to show His perfect patience to those would believe in Him and receive eternal life.

17. To the eternal, undying, invisible, King and only God, be honor and glory forever and ever. Amen.

18. Timothy, my son, I command you, agreeing with the prophecies that have been made about you, to fight the good fight. (2 Timothy 4:6-7, Ephesians 6:10-13, 2 Corinthians 10:3-5, 1 Peter 2:11

19. Keep the faith and a clear conscience, which some have turned away from and as a result have destroyed their faith. (Acts 24:16, 1 Peter 5:8)

20. Some who have done this are Hymenaeus and Alexander, whom I have handed over to Satan, so that they will learn not to blaspheme. (2 Tim 2:17-18, 1 Cor 5:5, 11:30, Matthew 18:15-17).




I.                   Paul’s Testimony (12-17)

a.      Paul’s conversion (12-14)

b.     Christ’s purpose in coming to the world (15)

c.      Christ’s purpose for Paul (16)

d.     Paul’s conclusion (17)

II.                Paul’s command (18-20)

a.      Fight the good fight (18-19)

b.     Examples of those who didn’t (20)




In verse 12, was Paul’s faithfulness his own? Did Jesus choose him because he was faithful?

What was Paul’s condition prior to receiving Christ? What kind of people in today’s world would be comparable to Paul?

Do you think there are any sins too serious for God to forgive?

What are some of the reasons Jesus came into the world? What is the main reason? Why?

What do you notice about Paul’s attitude towards his previous condition? What about his attitude towards his present condition?

What purpose/purposes did Christ have in choosing Paul?

In verse 18, what does it mean to fight the good fight? What fight is this talking about? Are we to fight this fight? How might this look for us today?

What is the conscience and what does it mean that we are supposed to keep a good conscience?

Looking at verse 19, is it possible that believers can lose their salvation? What was the nature of this faith?

What does it mean that Paul handed these two guys over to Satan?

What are some applications we can make from this passage?




12-14. Jesus puts ministers into ministry. He qualifies them for ministry. He gives them fidelity to ministry. This is a reason to thank God. It is a favorable thing. We cannot put ourselves into ministry


Paul was a great sinner. He aligned himself against God and was an enemy to God, saying the most hateful and vile things against Him. Even so, God completely forgave Him and even made him an apostle. God can save and forgive even the hardest and most vile sinners.


Paul did not candy-coat his past. He admitted it and repented of it, thanking God for the change God made in him.


15-17. Jesus had a great plan for Paul (When did this plan start?). It didn’t only start at his conversion, but it included his past. Through this miraculous conversion, Christ was honored, His patience was shown, and many others were encouraged to believe.


18-20. Verses 18 to 19 are relatively simple. Paul commands Timothy to fight the good fight. The Christian life is a war. It is a war against evil forces, Satan and his demons. It is a war against sin and lust. It is a war against falsehood. It is a war where believers must take the Sword of the Spirit, which is the Word of God, to the world and show them Jesus. It is a battle between good and evil and we are right in the center. This battle occurs in our own hearts and minds and in the world around us. We cannot give up or desert as some false believers do, but we must keep the faith and a good conscience as we faithfully serve God.


If some who appear to be believers teach false doctrine or turn away from God the church is to discipline them. This is both for their own good and for the good of the body so that their evil influence will not drag others into sin. Instructions for church discipline can be found in the cross-references above.


1 Timothy Notes Chapter by Chapter

1 Timothy 1:1-11 1 Timothy 1:12-20
1 Timothy 2
1 Timothy 3
1 Timothy 4:1-8
1 Timothy 4:9-16
1 Timothy 5:1-16
1 Timothy 5:17-25
1 Timothy 6:1-10 1 Timothy 6:11-21


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