These small group study notes contain outlines, cross-references, Bible study discussion questions, lessons to learn, and applications. Feel free to print them, copy them, or share them. I only ask that you remember these are are personal study notes and are only meant as a supplement to your own study, not a replacement. I hope you can find some helpful information inside. Visit our inductive Bible study main page for more studies on this and other books of the Bible.

1 Timothy Chapter 2 Inductive Bible Study Notes, Cross References, Outline, and Discussion Questions


Paraphrase and Cross References


  1. Firstly, I urge that requests, prayers, petitions, and thanksgivings be made for all people,
  2. for kings and all those who are in authority, so that we can lead a peaceful and quiet life, a life of godliness and dignity. (Matt 5:44, Romans 13:1-7)
  3. This is good and it pleases our God and Savior.
  4. He desires all people to be saved and to know the truth.
  5. For there is only one God, and Jesus, who is the only one that goes in between man and God. (Acts 4:12, Matt 27:51, Heb 4:14,16)
  6. Jesus gave Himself as a ransom for all, the testimony given at the right time. (Hebrews 9:15, Mark 10:45)
  7. I was appointed for this reason as a preacher and apostle (I speak the truth, not lies!) as a teacher to the Gentiles in faith and truth.
  8. Therefore I want men everywhere to pray, lifting up holy hands, without anger or divisiveness.
  9. In the same way, I want women to dress modestly, properly, and decently, not with braided hair and gold, pearls, or expensive clothing,
  10. but instead to do good works, as is proper for women who claim to be godly. (1 Peter 3:3-4)
  11. A woman should learn quietly with complete submissiveness.
  12. I do not allow a woman to teach or exercise authority over a man, but she should be silent.
  13. For Adam was first created and then Eve.
  14. And Adam was not the one who was deceived, but the woman was and sinned because of it.
  15. But women will be preserved through child-bearing if they continue in faith, love and holiness with self-control. (1 Cor 14:34-35, Titus 2,3, Eph 5:22-33, 1 Tim 3, Matt 19:3-8, 1 Cor 12)




I.                   Instruction on Church Life (1 Timothy 2)

a.      Prayer in the Church (2:1-8)

                                                              i.     Who should be prayed for? (2:1-2)

                                                            ii.     Who wills us to pray for them? (2:3-4)

                                                           iii.     Who is the basis/mediator for our prayers (2:5-7)

                                                          iv.     How should this prayer be conducted?

b.     Women in the Church (9-15)

                                                              i.     Their behavior (9-10)

                                                            ii.     Their role in the church (11-15)

1.      Submissiveness (11)

2.      Learning (12)

3.      The basis for this role (13-14)

4.      Role in life (15)




What is the context of this passage (remember where Timothy was and what he was doing)?

Who should we pray for? Give some examples.

Why should we pray for these people?

What is the meaning of verse 5?

What does verse 5 tell us about the relationship of individual believers to God?

What happened in the temple when Jesus died on the cross? What is the significance of this?

What kind of attitudes should we have as we pray?

Does verse 8 mean that women should not pray? If not, what does it mean?

How would girls apply verses 9-10 to their lives? Should they not braid their hair?

How should we understand verses 11-15?

Is this based on cultural? If yes, how can you tell? If no, how can you tell?

Is there any place for women in ministry? What can they do?

What applications can we make from these verses?

What does women’s roles have to do with us?


Points regarding complementarian view-


  1. Multiplicity of Scripture on the subject, including many contexts and churches
  2. An appeal is made the creation order, taking this command pass all cultural contexts. Why would Paul give Creation as the reason for this command if the real reason was a cultural situation?
  3. Church offices were specifically limited to males.
  4. The immediate context is referring to the church.
  5. Verses 8-9 do contain cultural elements, but with each cultural element is a universal principle. The principle for lifting holy hands is to pray without wrath and dissension. The attitude of worship was the key point, not the outward style. Paul also gives a universal principle about the clothing and style; that is the universal principle of exercising proper behavior and godliness that should guide women’s actions, as opposed to concern for beauty (prostitute women and pagan cult members trumped up their outward appearance, but were void in the heart). There is no other universal principle mentioned in regards to women teachers.
  6. Not just Paul’s theology, Peter affirmed headship of husband (1 Peter 3:1)
  7. Historical context. Jesus and Paul were both outcasts of their cultures and revolutionaries. They were not afraid at all to go against wrong practices of culture, but even made a habit out of denouncing wrong cultural practices. They gave women a much higher position than normally accorded in society (allowing them to learn, compare with Rabbi’s view, and commanding husbands to love their wives as Christ loved the church). Therefore not based on culture’s influence on Paul; based on inspiration of the Holy Spirit

Egalitarian view-

  1. Galatians 3:27-28. Equality doesn't mean being identical. 1 Corinthians 12 makes it clear that in the church there are many members, each with his own role. They do not all do the same thing. That doesn't mean that some are superior to others.
  2. “I do not”: Some say this was only Paul’s own opinion. However, as an inspired writer of Scripture this holds no water.
  3. “Temporal, local command only for the church at Ephesus due to the culture in which this church was enveloped”. There is no evidence that this was only a cultural command. If we say this was cultural it crosses a dangerous line where we can throw out anything in the Bible that doesn't fit in with the culture around us. This would make culture the authority instead of the Bible.

Greek Words-


Silence: The word used is “hesychia”, does not denote complete silence, but “settled down, undisturbed, unruly”


Teach: The word used is “didasko”, closely related to “didaskalos”, which is translated “to be a teacher” and is used consistently to refer to an office of a teacher in the church.

In verse 8, the word used means “males” and excludes females.                               

Topics to cover-


Priesthood of the believer

Priesthood of Christ (His ransom)

Women’s roles

Men's roles


1 Timothy Notes Chapter by Chapter

1 Timothy 1:1-11 1 Timothy 1:12-20
1 Timothy 2
1 Timothy 3
1 Timothy 4:1-8
1 Timothy 4:9-16
1 Timothy 5:1-16
1 Timothy 5:17-25
1 Timothy 6:1-10 1 Timothy 6:11-21


If you found these study notes helpful feel free to check out my library of inductive Bible study notes, topical Bible studies, and character studies chapter by chapter.



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