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This 1 Timothy 4 Bible study contains study questions, extensive cross references and verse by verse observations. Feel free to print them, copy them, or share them. I only ask that you remember these are are personal study notes and are only meant as a supplement to your own study, not a replacement. I hope you can find some helpful information inside. Visit our inductive Bible study main page for more studies on this and other books of the Bible.
1 Timothy 4:1-5 - Verse by Verse Cross-references and Notes
Peril of Falling Away
1 But the Spirit explicitly says that in later times some will fall away from the faith, paying attention to deceitful spirits and doctrines of demons, 2 by means of the hypocrisy of liars seared in their own conscience as with a branding iron, 3 men who forbid marriage and advocate abstaining from foods which God has created to be gratefully shared in by those who believe and know the truth.
4 For everything created by God is good, and nothing is to be rejected if it is received with gratitude; 5 for it is sanctified by means of the word of God and prayer.
· 2 CREATED
· 2 GRATEFULLY/GRATITUDE
· 1 DECEITFUL SPIRITS
· 1 DEMONS
· 1 LATER TIMES
· 1 HYPOCRISY
· 1 LIARS
· 1 FORBID
· 1 ABSTAINING
· 1 FALL AWAY
· 1 SPIRIT
Peril of Falling Away
I. Spirit’s Later Time Prophecy
A. Some will fall away
B. Paying attention to deceitful spirits & doctrines of demons
C. They prohibit what God has provided for our benefit
II. God Created Everything to be Gratefully Received
Cross References, Questions, Observations
1 But the Spirit explicitly says that in later times some will fall away from the faith, paying attention to deceitful spirits and doctrines of demons,
· Fall away aphiste»mi - to make stand off, cause to withdraw, to remove to excite to revolt to stand off, to stand aloof to go away, to depart from anyone to desert, withdraw from one to fall away, become faithless to shun, flee from to cease to vex one to withdraw one's self from, to fall away to keep one's self from, absent one's self from
· Demons daimonion - the divine power, deity, divinity a spirit, a being inferior to God, superior to men evil spirits or the messengers and ministers of the devil
13 But when He, the Spirit of truth, comes, He will guide you into all the truth; for He will not speak on His own initiative, but whatever He hears, He will speak; and He will disclose to you what is to come.
2 Timothy 3
1 But realize this, that in the last days difficult times will come. 2 For men will be lovers of self, lovers of money, boastful, arrogant, revilers, disobedient to parents, ungrateful, unholy, 3 unloving, irreconcilable, malicious gossips, without self-control, brutal, haters of good, 4 treacherous, reckless, conceited, lovers of pleasure rather than lovers of God, 5 holding to a form of godliness, although they have denied its power; Avoid such men as these. 6 For among them are those who enter into households and captivate weak women weighed down with sins, led on by various impulses, 7 always learning and never able to come to the knowledge of the truth. 8 Just as Jannes and Jambres opposed Moses, so these men also oppose the truth, men of depraved mind, rejected in regard to the faith. 9 But they will not make further progress; for their folly will be obvious to all, just as Jannes’s and Jambres’s folly was also.
Jude 1:3 Beloved, while I was making every effort to write you about our common salvation, I felt the necessity to write to you appealing that you contend earnestly for the faith which was once for all handed down to the sai nts.
Matt 24:2 And He said to them, “Do you not see all these things? Truly I say to you, not one stone here will be left upon another, which will not be torn down.”
3 As He was sitting on the Mount of Olives, the disciples came to Him privately, saying, “Tell us, when will these things happen, and what will be the sign of Your coming, and of the end of the age?”
4 And Jesus answered and said to them, “ See to it that no one misleads you. 5 For many will come in My name, saying, ‘I am the Christ,’ and will mislead many. 6 You will be hearing of wars and rumors of wars. See that you are not frightened, for those things must take place, but that is not yet the end. 7 For nation will rise against nation, and kingdom against kingdom, and in various places there will be famines and earthquakes. 8 But all these things are merely the beginning of birth pangs.
9 “ Then they will deliver you to tribulation, and will kill you, and you will be hated by all nations because of My name. 10 At that time many will fall away and will betray one another and hate one another. 11 Many false prophets will arise and will mislead many. 12 Because lawlessness is increased, most people’s love will grow cold. 13 But the one who endures to the end, he will be saved. 14 This gospel of the kingdom shall be preached in the whole world as a testimony to all the nations, and then the end will come.
· 2 Thess 2:1-12 Now we request you, brethren, with regard to the coming of our Lord Jesus Christ and our gathering together to Him, 2 that you not be quickly shaken from your composure or be disturbed either by a spirit or a message or a letter as if from us, to the effect that the day of the Lord has come. 3 Let no one in any way deceive you, for it will not come unless the apostasy comes first, and the man of lawlessness is revealed, the son of destruction, 4 who opposes and exalts himself above every so-called god or object of worship, so that he takes his seat in the temple of God, displaying himself as being God. 5 Do you not remember that while I was still with you, I was telling you these things? 6 And you know what restrains him now, so that in his time he will be revealed. 7 For the mystery of lawlessness is already at work; only he who now restrains will do so until he is taken out of the way. 8 Then that lawless one will be revealed whom the Lord will slay with the breath of His mouth and bring to an end by the appearance of His coming; 9 that is, the one whose coming is in accord with the activity of Satan, with all power and signs and false wonders, 10 and with all the deception of wickedness for those who perish, because they did not receive the love of the truth so as to be saved. 11 For this reason God will send upon them a deluding influence so that they will believe what is false, 12 in order that they all may be judged who did not believe the truth, but took pleasure in wickedness.
1 John 2:19 They went out from us, but they were not really of us; for if they had been of us, they would have remained with us; but they went out, so that it would be shown that they all are not of us.
John 8:31 So Jesus was saying to those Jews who had believed Him, “ If you continue in My word, then you are truly disciples of Mine;
a) What are the latter times?
b) What does it mean to fall away from the faith?
c) Who are the ones who do this?
d) What are the doctrines of demons? – The worship of angels and saints.
1) Chapter 3 concludes with the summing of godliness and chapter 4 begins with the summing up of iniquity
2) We should not at all be surprised by the apostasy of the latter times because it was expressly foretold by the Spirit.
3) Why should we not be discouraged by the apostasy of the latter times? Must happen before Christ returns.
2 by means of the hypocrisy of liars seared in their own conscience as with a branding iron,
· hypocrisy hupokrisis - acting under a feigned part; that is, (figuratively) deceit («hypocrisy»): - condemnation, dissimulation, hypocrisy.
· Conscience suneide»sis - the consciousness of anything the soul as distinguishing between what is morally good and bad, prompting to do the former and shun the latter, commending one, condemning the other the conscience
1 Thessalonians 2:3
3 For our appeal does not spring from error or impurity or any attempt to deceive,
2 Thessalonians 2:11
11 Therefore God sends them a strong delusion, so that they may believe what is false,
15 “Beware of false prophets, who come to you in sheep's clothing but inwardly are ravenous wolves.
24 For false christs and false prophets will arise and perform great signs and wonders, so as to lead astray, if possible, even the elect.
30 and from among your own selves will arise men speaking twisted things, to draw away the disciples after them.
18 For such persons do not serve our Lord Christ, but their own appetites, and by smooth talk and flattery they deceive the hearts of the naive.
14 so that we may no longer be children, tossed to and fro by the waves and carried about by every wind of doctrine, by human cunning, by craftiness in deceitful schemes.
2 Peter 2:1-3
2 But false prophets also arose among the people, just as there will be false teachers among you, who will secretly bring in destructive heresies, even denying the Master who bought them, bringing upon themselves swift destruction. 2 And many will follow their sensuality, and because of them the way of truth will be blasphemed. 3 And in their greed they will exploit you with false words. Their condemnation from long ago is not idle, and their destruction is not asleep.
a) What is our conscience?
b) What does it do for us? Warning light.
c) What are its limitations?
d) How do we sear our conscience?
3 men who forbid marriage and advocate abstaining from foods which God has created to be gratefully shared in by those who believe and know the truth.
37 He shall pay no attention to the gods of his fathers, or to the one beloved by women. He shall not pay attention to any other god, for he shall magnify himself above all.
1 Corinthians 7:28
28 But if you do marry, you have not sinned, and if a betrothed woman marries, she has not sinned. Yet those who marry will have worldly troubles, and I would spare you that.
1 Corinthians 8:8
8 Food will not commend us to God. We are no worse off if we do not eat, and no better off if we do.
20 If with Christ you died to the elemental spirits of the world, why, as if you were still alive in the world, do you submit to regulations— 21 “Do not handle, Do not taste, Do not touch” 22 (referring to things that all perish as they are used)—according to human precepts and teachings? 23 These have indeed an appearance of wisdom in promoting self-made religion and asceticism and severity to the body, but they are of no value in stopping the indulgence of the flesh.
9 Do not be led away by diverse and strange teachings, for it is good for the heart to be strengthened by grace, not by foods, which have not benefited those devoted to them.
29 Then God said, “Behold, I have given you every plant yielding seed that is on the surface of all the earth, and every tree which has fruit yielding seed; it shall be food for you;
3 Every moving thing that is alive shall be food for you; I give all to you, as I gave the green plant.
Mark 7: 18 And He *said to them, “Are you so lacking in understanding also? Do you not understand that whatever goes into the man from outside cannot defile him, 19 because it does not go into his heart, but into his stomach, and is eliminated?” (Thus He declared all foods clean.)
a) Where is the forbidding of marriage seen in the church today?
b) What are some direct consequences from this unbiblical position? Child molestation, shortage of pastors, likely much lust and enslavement to pornography, a respectable haven for homo sexuals.
1) The issue of Christian liberty is dealt with extensively throughout the entire chapter of Romans 14.
4 For everything created by God is good, and nothing is to be rejected if it is received with gratitude;
31 God saw all that He had made, and behold, it was very good. And there was evening and there was morning, the sixth day.
4 “ The Rock! His work is perfect,?For all His ways are just;?A God of faithfulness and without injustice,?Righteous and upright is He.
7 I also heard a voice saying to me, ‘Get up, Peter; kill and eat.’ 8 But I said, ‘By no means, Lord, for nothing unholy or unclean has ever entered my mouth.’ 9 But a voice from heaven answered a second time, ‘ What God has cleansed, no longer consider unholy.’
1 Cor 10: 23 All things are lawful, but not all things are profitable. All things are lawful, but not all things edify. 24 Let no one seek his own good, but that of his neighbor. 25 Eat anything that is sold in the meat market without asking questions for conscience’ sake; 26 for the earth is the Lord’s, and all it contains. 27 If one of the unbelievers invites you and you want to go, eat anything that is set before you without asking questions for conscience’ sake. 28 But if anyone says to you, “This is meat sacrificed to idols,” do not eat it, for the sake of the one who informed you, and for conscience’ sake; 29 I mean not your own conscience, but the other man’s; for why is my freedom judged by another’s conscience? 30 If I partake with thankfulness, why am I slandered concerning that for which I give thanks?
31 Whether, then, you eat or drink or whatever you do, do all to the glory of God. 32 Give no offense either to Jews or to Greeks or to the church of God; 33 just as I also please all men in all things, not seeking my own profit but the profit of the many, so that they may be saved.
a) How does this principle relate to drugs, smoking, and other things that are clearly detrimental to health?
b) How should you respond if you are visiting someone and they offer you something that is detestable to you? Examples: goat testicle, cow intestines, etc.
1) Following is the conclusion of Chad’s thesis on Christian freedom.
Paul’s extensive teaching on the subject of Christian freedom shows us that freedom is not to be used as an excuse for behavior that is questionable. In matters which are not expressly permitted or forbidden by Scripture, if there is any question at all, it is better to err on the side of caution and abstain. A Christian must only utilize his freedom in ways that he is fully convinced are right before God. It is not intuition, which reveals God’s will in such matters, but Scripture. God’s will is not that his sons be riddled with doubt and fail to take advantage of the freedom they have in Christ. His will is that they would carefully study the Scriptures seeking certainty of faith.
The teaching of Paul also shows us that Christian freedom is not to be used recklessly, but with a sense of duty to the one who grants that freedom. Everything a Christian does must be done for Christ’s pleasure and for God’s glory. The Father has taken great pleasure in adopting those He has chosen as His sons. It is their duty to give Him pleasure and glory in the use of Christian freedom. Furthermore, their lives are not their own, but belong to Christ who has redeemed them. In the use of their freedom, as in all things, Christians must live for Him.
It is also clear that Christian freedom must not be used in self-interest, but in consideration for one’s brothers and sisters in Christ. Love does not jealously defend every expression of freedom; love willingly gives up any freedom which harms a brother. The perfect example of love is Christ who laid down His life for the sheep. If Christ sacrificed His life for their good, then they must gladly sacrifice their freedom for a brother. In particular, Christians must take special care not to use their freedom in anyway which might cause a brother to sin, but must use it with the express intent of building others up in their faith and spiritual maturity.
Finally, Christian freedom must not be used with disregard for those outside the church. The misuse of freedom in a way that harms a fellow believer brings disrepute to the church and to the Gospel. Even otherwise proper use of freedom, if it gives offense, can damage one’s witness and hinder the advance of the Gospel. Unbelievers are not the judge of believers’ conduct, but whenever doing so makes opportunity for the Gospel, Christians must gladly lay aside their freedom so that they might win the lost for Christ.
5 for it is sanctified by means of the word of God and prayer.
· Sanctified hagiazo» - to render or acknowledge, or to be venerable or hallow to separate from profane things and dedicate to God consecrate things to God dedicate people to God to purify to cleanse externally to purify by expiation: free from the guilt of sin to purify internally by renewing of the soul
Titus 1:15 To the pure, all things are pure; but to those who are defiled and unbelieving, nothing is pure, but both their mind and their conscience are defiled.
· John 17:17 Sanctify them in the truth; Your word is truth. 18 As You sent Me into the world, I also have sent them into the world. 19 For their sakes I sanctify Myself, that they themselves also may be sanctified in truth.
1) Ultimately, everything is created for God’s glory, and should therefore be dedicated to His service. The sanctifying aspect of prayer is another reason to gives thanks to God for our food.
1 But the Spirit explicitly says that in later times some will fall away from the faith, paying attention to deceitful spirits and doctrines of demons,
The Spirit tells us that in the latter days false teachers will cause some to fall away from the faith so that they will abstain form things God created to be gratefully received.
What can you do based on what you learned in this chapter?
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