These small group study notes contain outlines, cross-references, Bible study discussion questions, lessons to learn, and applications. Feel free to print them, copy them, or share them. I only ask that you remember these are are personal study notes and are only meant as a supplement to your own study, not a replacement. I hope you can find some helpful information inside. Visit our inductive Bible study main page for more studies on this and other books of the Bible.

1 Timothy 5:17-25 Inductive Bible Study Notes, Cross References, Outline, and Discussion Questions

Paraphrase and Cross References:


17. The elders who lead well, and especially those who labor at preaching and teaching,

should be given a double honor.

18. For Scripture says, ‘You shall not muzzle the ox while it is threshing.” (1 Cor 9:3-14, Deut 25:4, Luke 10:7)

19. Do not listen to an accusation against an elder unless there are two or three witnesses.

20. If people continue to sin, rebuke them before the body so that the rest will be fearful of sinning. (Matthew 18:15-20)

21. I charge you before God, Christ Jesus, and the heavenly angels to keep these principles without bias or partiality. (James 2:1-9)

22. Do not chose leaders too quickly and in that way share responsibility for their sins. Keep free from sins. (See qualifications in 1 Tim 3 and 1 Tim 3:6)

23. Don’t just drink water, but also drink a little wine for your stomach and frequent illnesses.

24. Some men’s sins are quite visible, going before them to judgment. For others they will follow after.

25. It is the same with good deeds. Some are quite visible and those which are not so visible cannot be hidden. (Matthew 4:22, Numbers 32:23)




I.                   How to treat various groups in the church (1-25)

a.      Older men (1)

b.     Younger men (1)

c.      Older women (2)

d.     Younger women (2)

e.      Widows (3-16)

                                                              i.     Requirements to be put on list (3-10)

                                                            ii.     Younger widows (11-15)

                                                           iii.     Dependent widows (16)

f.       Elders (17-25)

                                                              i.     Principle of honor (17-18)

                                                            ii.     Principle of respect (19)

                                                           iii.     Principle of rebuke (20)

                                                          iv.     Principle of selection (21-22)

                                                            v.     Principle of judgment (24-25)




What does the double honor in verse 17 refer to? Especially in light of the principle that leaders are servants.

What does it mean not to muzzle the ox while it is threshing?

How are minister/elders/pastors etc. to get their support?

What is the principle for taking care of leaders?

What might cause Timothy or others to be biased when selecting leaders?

Who was Timothy responsible to for his selection of church leaders?

What is the principle for dealing with leaders who are in sin?

If you know a spiritual leader who has a sin problem what should you do? What steps should you take?

How do most churches treat sin these days? Is this right or wrong? What should our view of sin be?

What is the principle for selecting leaders?

What does verse 23 teach about drinking?

What application can you make from verses 24-25?





A leather or wire covering for the mouth of an animal that prevented it from eating or biting. The command in the Book of Deuteronomy, "You shall not muzzle an ox while it treads out the grain" (Deut 25:4) implies that an animal helping with threshing must be allowed to eat some of the grain. The apostle Paul applied this verse symbolically to Christian workers (1 Cor 9:9-10).

(from Nelson's Illustrated Bible Dictionary, Copyright © 1986, Thomas Nelson Publishers)


Teaching Points:


17-18. Refers to their livelihood and support. In the context honoring the widows meant providing for them financially. If widows were to be provided for financially then definitely leaders who gave their life to building up the church and serving Christ should be taken care of financially by the body of Christ. This is a biblical principle. At some points Paul did not take up this right. This was also for the well-being of the congregation.


19-20. We should not consider it a light think to accuse God’s leaders in the church or to listen to others’ accusations against them. At the same time they are fallible and if they continue in sin they should be confronted, not only leaders, but all brothers and sisters. Because of a leaders’ positions, and also because it is easy for one disgruntled person to make up stories, two or three witnesses must come together before action is taken then the steps outline by Jesus in Matthew 18:15-20 should be applied.


21-22. Because of a shortage of workers it would be tempting to quickly appoint any will man who seemed godly to be a leader. Their intelligence, wisdom, riches, or rank in this world could also influence Timothy to select them. But as seen in 1 Timothy 3 there are many qualifications and any prospects should be evaluated with care and time.


23. This verse shows it is not necessarily wrong to drink any alcohol. The biblical standard is to not get drunk.


24-25. Everything leaders and we do will eventually come to light, whether on this earth or in the judgment hereafter. Therefore we must do nothing when by ourselves that we would feel ashamed about if others knew.


1 Timothy Notes Chapter by Chapter

1 Timothy 1:1-11 1 Timothy 1:12-20
1 Timothy 2
1 Timothy 3
1 Timothy 4:1-8
1 Timothy 4:9-16
1 Timothy 5:1-16
1 Timothy 5:17-25
1 Timothy 6:1-10 1 Timothy 6:11-21


If you found these study notes helpful feel free to check out my library of inductive Bible study notes, topical Bible studies, and character studies chapter by chapter.



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